A total of 288.9961 kilometers of roads surround the municipality providing both internal and external linkages. The 13.0091 kilometers Strong Republic Nautical Highway (SRNH) traversing Pinamalayan serves as a major road connecting the municipality with the rest of Mindoro Island. It likewise connects the municipality to mainland Luzon via Calapan City Port and Panay Island via Roxas and Bulalacao Port. The 98.4163 kilometers provincial road significantly link the urban core with far-flung barangays that include Sabang, Ranzo, Pambisan Munti, Buli, Malaya and Del Razon. The provincial road heading to Buli directly connects to municipality of Pola while the provincial road leading to Sto. Niño and Pambisan Munti extends all the way to the municipality of Gloria. These provincial roads provide alternate route to northeastern and southern part. The municipal road that form grid pattern are mostly situated in urban barangays. Barangay roads provide access to interior areas and serves as farm to market road at the same time.
Table below shows that barangay roads constitutes 58 percent of the total roadway, 34 percent are provincial roads, 5 percent are national road while the least percent share are municipal roads with 3 percent. As to type of pavement, 67 percent of combined road networks is already concreted, while 28 percent is still gravel, 5 percent is still earth and less than 1 percent is asphalt. Majority of roads that needs improvement are classified as either barangay roads or provincial road. As to condition, more than half (55%) are in fair condition, 40 percent in good condition, 4 percent are in poor condition while the rest (1%) are in bad condition.
Aside from the poor road conditions, some problems identified were the lack of pedestrian crossing especially in the poblacion areas, as well as the presence of road signages attached to trees.
To ease the traffic in the SRNH as well as to prevent light vehicles from passing through it, the Coastal Greenway Area (CGA) that was mentioned in previous CLUPs remains as a desired project of the LGU. The CGA is a delineated strip of land 40 meters from the shoreline and is parallel to the SRNH. This will be used for a proposed coastal road from the poblacion exiting to Quinabigan.
Table below shows the Inventory of Road by System Classification, by Type of Pavement, by Condition and by Barangay.
EXPOSURE AND RISK TO HAZARD
About 41% of the roads in Pinamalayan are exposed to flooding. Of which 34% were categorized as highly at risk while the remaining 7% were categorized as moderately at risk. Based from the results of CDRA, highly at risk roads are mostly composed of provincial and barangay roads located in barangays Anoling, Bacungan, Bangbang, Buli, Cacawan, Del Razon, Guinhawa, Inclanay, Lumambayan, Pagalagala, Marfrancisco, Nabuslot, Pagalagala, Palayan, Pambisan Malaki, Papandayan, Pili, Quinabigan, Sta. Isabel, Sta. Rita, Sto. Nino, Wawa, and Zones I to IV. These roads are located in low-lying areas and are near water bodies such as creek, rivers, or shoreline. Also, these are mostly in poor condition, has no mitigation measures, and has high proportion of affected length. Based from interviews, during heavy rain, water brought by flood reaches the road but easily subsides after several hours.
Meanwhile, about 59% of the roads are exposed to landslide. Majority or 41% were categorized as low risk, 10% to highly at risk, and only 8% to moderate at risk. Of the highly at risk, majority are barangay roads located in barangays Banilad, Calingag, Pili, and Sabang.
BRIDGES AND CULVERTS
A total of 83 bridges and 296 culverts also provides good access within the municipality. Based from the inventory of existing bridges, majority are in fair condition while culverts are mostly in good condition. The data likewise shows that good maintenance is needed among 39 percent of existing bridges, while upgrading of bridges classified under poor condition is needed to maintain good access and public safety.
EXPOSURE AND RISK TO HAZARD
Around 50 bridges of all types are exposed to flooding, 35 of which are highly at risk. Most of the highly at risk bridges are located in barangay Lumambayan and these bridges are mostly in poor condition.
There are 33 bridges exposed to landslide. Only 2 are highly at risk located in Sabang. Majority (21 bridges) are categorized as low risk and remaining 10 are categorized as moderate risk.
In total there are 296 culverts identified during the mapping survey in the 37 barangays. These were validated to barangay representatives in one-day workshop. There are two types of culverts installed along roads of the municipality, the usual culverts which composes the majority and the box culverts
Based on the CDRA results, there are 120 culverts exposed to flooding where in 86 are categorized as highly at risk to flooding. There are 71 culverts exposed to landslide. Only 24 are highly at risk while majority or 110 are at low risk.
There are five transport terminals in the locality which are all privately owned and utilized by public utility van operators. Intermodal transport terminal for public use is not yet available in Pinamalayan. Since the nautical highway traverses the municipality, the absence of centralized terminal currently seems disadvantageous. Disorganized modes of passenger loading and unloading may worsen traffic flow in the future, particularly within the Poblacion barangays. The locality can also gain potential income that may be generated from the transport sector thru ticketing system, if a centralized and well-developed intermodal terminal is existing.
Intermunicipality trips are served by either PUJs, vans, or multicabs. Trips to Calapan City and the municipality of Roxas are either by PUJ or van. Meanwhile, there are multicabs the ply the routes from Pinamalayan to Gloria and Bansud. However, registration is not within the jurisdiction of the LGU, hence, no records may be presented pertaining to registration of such vehicles.
Meanwhile, majority of the trips within the municipality are served by tricycles. There are also tricycles serving trips to neighboring municipalities such as Socorro and Gloria. As seen on Table below, the Business Permits and Licensing Division (PLD) has presented a number of registered tricycles operating within the urban center and providing urban-rural transport including those plying the Pinamalayan-Socorro and Pinamalayan-Gloria route and vice-versa. In the year 2019, the number of registered tricycles were at 2,554. But in 2020, this increased to 2,708. The increase in number may be attributed to increasing demand for public transport within the locality.
Tricycles, on the other hand, have no route regulations, therefore they can travel at any road/routes. However, for safety purposes, they are banned from national highways.
There are 29 Tricycle Operators and Drivers Association (TODA) in the municipality traversing the roads of Pinamalayan. It has a total of 2,708 registered members. Each TODA has its own route and are divided into five (5) sectors, namely: Poblacion, North Sector, West Sector, South Sector, and the Special Franchise.
OTHER TRANSPORT FACILITIES
There is an existing airport within the municipality located in Barangay Pambisan Munti. This has ceased operation for several years until its re-opening last October 15, 2017 where chartered domestic flights are being accommodated. The existing routes provide transport between Palawan, Manila, and Pinamalayan. Specifically, the routes are as follows:
The Municipality has two informal seaports, one in Pili and another in Recodo, Zone I. The former is used in as an alternative port while the newly constructed Recodo Port (a multi-million-peso foreign assisted port) serves fishing boats and passenger boats with the trips going to Marinduque, Concepcion (Romblon), Bakawan (Pola), Barangay Ranzo, Semirara (Antique) and Banton (Romblon).
Records of road accidents is declined from 84 incidents on 2019 to 74 incidents on 2020. This is generally due to implementation of general community quarantine in 2020 minimizing the people and vehicular movements in major roads. Historical data indicated that Marfrancisco has the highest number of road related accidents among the barangays traversed by the Strong Republic National Highway.
TRANSPORT RELATED PROJECTS
Regarding transport related projects, most of these involved rehabilitations and concreting of roads and pathways, declogging or desiliting of construction of canals and culverts, as well as installation and repair of streetlights. The details of every project that was accomplished in the year 2019 are summarized in Table below.
Electricity is supplied by the Oriental Mindoro Electric Cooperative (ORMECO), a privately-run cooperative under the supervision of the National Electrification Administration. Currently, ORMECO has a dependable capacity of 29.7 megawatts.
There were two existing power plants in the municipality. A land-based 7.5 megawatts power plant by the Global Business Holdings currently operates in barangay Papandayan which serves as the power source of the substation. The establishment of the said inland power plant augments the power supply of the 37 barangays in the municipality and other neighboring municipalities. It is a diesel power plant with an area of 0.06 hectares and has a 7.5 megawatt capacity. This was constructed in the year 2000. Meanwhile, there is an on-going construction of the new power plant by Power One Mindoro Harvest Energy Co., Inc. with a capacity of 9.7 megawatt which will suffice to the increasing power demand for the years to come.
On the other hand, the power substation is also present in barangay Papandayan, with a dependable capacity of 29.7 megawatts and was commissioned for operation in the year 2000 as well.
According to the CBMS, there is a total of 18,956 households in Pinamalayan. Out of these households, 91.06 percent or 17,261 are households served with electricity by ORMECO while 9 percent or 1,695 are not served. Data per barangay is displayed by table below.
Barangay Pambisan Munti has the least percent share of households that are served with electricity at only 70 percent followed by Barangay Sabang and Banilad with 72 percent and 78 percent, respectively. On the other hand, Barangay Zone IV has the highest percent share of households that are served with electricity with 98.5 percent followed by Barangay Zone and Bangbang with 97.05 percent and 96.77 percent, respectively.
For barangay Sabang, the result may be attributed to presence of the IP community where its members might prefer the use of traditional lightings. In barangay Pambisan Munti and Banilad on the other hand, settlements are rather more dispersed, hence, individual household connections for electrification is quite expensive.
The residential type of consumers has the most number of connections as well as average monthly consumption for the past three years, from 2016 to 2018. Furthermore, these are shown to be increasing in number in the past years. These are followed by commercial establishments and institutional buildings. In the 2017, the average consumption in industrial connection shoot-down by 2 percent showing a decrease in power requirement.
The data used for Table below comes from the month of May of each year, for it is usually the peak month of consumption for all consumer types. The least connections and consumption come from streetlights.
Based on the table below, the projected number of connections as well as average consumption for every type of consumer is expected to increase in the coming years. Moreover, frequent power interruptions are regularly experienced. Pinamalayan is looking forward to attract industrial investments requiring good power supply. Intermittent power supply will discourage further engagement in the industry sector. Therefore, it is essential that the frequent power disruptions occurring in the municipality should be addressed.
A total of 2,065 electrical poles are dispersed within the municipality to energize all barangays. As summarized in Table above, 2,017 poles are in good condition, while 26 poles and 22 poles are in excellent and slanting condition, respectively. In addition, there are 763 metal poles and 1,302 wooden poles. The number of poles per barangay and per existing condition are further seen in table below.
EXPOSURE AND RISK TO HAZARD
Those considered for exposure and risk to hazard in the power sector are the ORMECO electric poles. In terms of flooding hazard, 854 poles are highly at risk to flooding and 247 are moderately at risk. For landslide hazard, 24 poles are highly at risk, 244 poles are moderately at risk, and 676 poles are at low risk.
The water supply of the municipality comes from deep wells, shallow wells, and springs. Level III water supply is made available in 19 barangays by the Pinamalayan Water District. According to the 2017 data, there are 3,296 household consumers, 151 for commercial, 78 for industrial and 42 connections of other establishments. In terms of consumption, the most comes from domestic consumers with over 16,000 cubic meters of average water consumption, followed by other establishments, commercial, and industrial consumers.
The water distribution lines in Pinamalayan are mostly in fair condition with two distribution pipelines in poor condition. The pipeline diameters ranges from 20 to 300 millimeters. These are used to distribute water throughout the municipality. The only documented existing surface water source of the municipality comes from the Babahurin River Intake Box which is located in Sitio Babahurin in barangay Guinhawa and is classified as Class AA.
Based on the CBMS 2018 data, still there are 3,949 households or 20.83 percent of the total households who do not have access to improve water system. Barangay Marfrancisco has the highest number and percentage while all households at Barangays Calingag, Maliangcog, Pambisan Munti, Rosario and Sta. Maria has access to improved water source. Details is shown in Table below.
Presently, the Calapan Telephone System (CATSI), Globe, Smart, and PLDT provide telecommunication services in the municipality. These services can be in the form of telephone, cellular, and internet connection.
Moreover, the municipality is served by two cable networks, namely the Channel Plus Cable Network and the Rainbow Cable Vision. There are also courier services available in the municipality. There are also 16 communication towers built throughout Pinamalayan and these provide good signal connections in terms of cellular communication. However, internet connection remains unreliable.